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GeishaGold.com

Geisha Culture and Arts for Use at

Amatsu Okiya in Second Life

MINARAI 3: LANGUAGE

Japanese Phrases Overview

This lesson provides the reader with some basic phrases and references to use if interested.

Directions for the use of Japanese phrases at Amatsu Okiya in SL.

It is NOT an expectation for the student to memorize these phrases. They are here as a point of reference and interest. However, it is good to be familiar with some of them. If you use them in conversation in SL, please add the translation in your chat line. So for instance, if you are meeting someone for the first time, you could type this into the chat line:

"Hajimemashite.. it's nice to meet you"

Of course, the words and phrases in this lesson do not represent a complete list. Sharing with others is considered proper etiquette, so if you come across useful words or phrases that are not on the list, please consider sharing them with others. And if you think something else should be added to this lesson, please let Okaasan know.


A great website for learning simple Japanese phrases is hyperlinked below. It also has lessons in reading, writing and sound files to help with pronunciation: 

Of course, the words and phrases in this lesson do not represent a complete list. Sharing with sister geisha is considered good etiquette, so if you come across useful words or phrases that are not on the list, please consider sharing them with others. And if you think something else should be added to this lesson, please let Okaasan know.


A wonderful website for learning simple Japanese phrases is hyperlinked below. It also has lessons in reading, writing and sound files to learn pronunciation:


http://www.learn-japanese.info/



The following is a must-have reference site for all things geisha. This link goes to the glossary pages:


http://www.immortalgeisha.com/glossary.php

Other sites you may want to look at include:

http://www.amazon.com/quot-Books-Resources-Learning-Japanese/lm/RYJGJ545AQDP0

http://www.goodreads.com/shelf/show/japanese-language

http://www.trussel.com/jap/jbooks01.htm

Pronunciation

Here are some basic Japanese pronunciation of vowels


A is pronounced as in Ba (bah)


E is pronounced as in Be (bay)


I is pronounced as in Bi (bee)


O is pronounced as in Bo (boh)


U is pronounced as in Bu (boo)


If vowels are combined, each vowel is pronounced as the ei in geisha - it sounds more like the e in met


ai in maiko = ma - ee - ko


okiya is o - kee - ah


The vowel u at the end of words is usually silent or very softly spoken as in desu sounds like des or as in suki which tends to be pronounced like ski


Consonents


Some differences from English are:


g is always "hard" like the g in go


ch is always pronounced like the ch in chirp


fu sounds somewhat like "who" only short and cut - the lips are close together


r is more like an L in English but again is short and made by the tongue behind the top teeth - just flicking away there


tsu sound is another sound shaped by the tongue against the upper palate - it is as if you pronounce the t and s on top of each other with a very short u following close behind and almost barely perceptible. Listen to the sound files from the link above.


y is not like the vowel in English but always pronounced like the consonent y as in yo yo so Kyoto is pronounced Kyo - to, Tokyo is pronounced To - kyo


These and other pronunciation rules are found in the link above. I would encourage you to visit that site if you are interested in learning to speak and Japanese words.

Greetings

Greetings are very important to learn. Greeting and parting phrases are called aisatsu. If someone does not make aisatsu, they may be seen as cold and dysfunctional. Even if you are only going to use English, making aisatsu is certainly an expectation of your training and behavior in the okiya.

ohayou gozaimasu

 "good morning"

ohayou

 less formal for "good morning"

konban wa

 "good evening"

konnichi wa

 "good afternoon" or "good day" to anyone

hajimemashite

 said to someone as a greeting/hello whom you have only just met

oyasumi or oyasuminasai

 "sleep well/good night"

ja mata

 "see you later"

ja ne

 "bye-farewell"

sayonara

 "goodbye" (when you do not think you will see for awhile)

ogenki desu ka?

 "how are you?"

 okage-same de

 "I am fine, thanks to God and you, my friend."

yoroshiku onegaishimasu

 "please favor me with your friendship" or "nice meeting you"

yoroshiku

 "I am pleased to meet you" or " I appreciate your helping me"

kochirakoso yoroshiku

 "I am pleased to meet you" (in reply to yoroshiku)

watashi no namai wa...desu

 "My name is......"

 san


sama

 common suffix to add to someone's last name who is outside your "in-group"


sama is a polite suffix after last name like Gable-sama (only if you don't really know the person...like a waitress to a customer)

Example conversation

Suzu

Konnichi wa

 Hello

Kiko

Konnichi wa. Ogenki desu ka?

 Hello. Are you doing well?

Suzu 

 Hai, genki desu. Kiko-san wa?

 Yes, I'm fine. And how about you, Kiko?

Kiko

Genki desu.

 I'm fine.

Manners

a domo

 "O thank you"

domo or arigato gozaimasu

 "Thank you" (to bosses, older strangers, or if they are not easy-going)

arigato

 "Thank you" (to family, friends, co-workers, subordinates, younger strangers)

arigato gozaimasu or domo arigato

 "Thank you very much"

gokuro-sama

 "Thank you for your trouble"

i-e (eee-a)

 "No problem" (say in reply to "thank you")

ja, onegaishimasu

 "Yes, please"

hai

 "yes"

i-e

 "no"

onegai shimasu

 "please" (literally, I wish)

douzo, haitte kudasai

 "please come in"

yokoso

 "Welcome!"

sumimasen ga, suwatte kudasai

 "please, sit down"

sumimasen ga, tatte kudasai

 "please, stand up"

gomen nasai

 "sorry"

 sumimasen/shitsurei shimasu 

 "excuse me" or "I am being rude (literally, but also means excuse me--farewell)

osakini

 "pardon me but I am leaving now"

wakarimasu

 "I understand"

nan desu ka?

 "what is it?"

zenzen

 "not at all" (phrase of denial--if someone asks if they are bothering you, you would say, "zenzen" and shake your head)

Correspondence

In writing letters, there are preliminary greetings you may choose to add to your correspondence:


Ogenki de irasshaimasu ka. (very formal)

お元気でいらっしゃいますか。

Have you been doing well?


Ogenki desu ka.

お元気ですか。

Have you been doing well?


Ikaga osugoshi de irasshaimasu ka. (very formal)

いかがお過ごしでいらっしゃいますか。

How have you been?


Ikaga osugoshi desu ka.

いかがお過ごしですか。

How have you been?


Okagesama de genki ni shite orimasu. (very formal)

おかげさまで元気にしております。

Fortunately I'm doing well.


Kazoku ichidou genki ni shite orimasu.

家族一同元気にしております。

The whole family is doing well.


Otegami arigatou gozaimashita.

お手紙ありがとうございました。

Thank you for your letter.


Nagai aida gobusata shite orimashite moushiwake gozaimasen. (very formal)

長い間ご無沙汰しておりまして申し訳ございません。

I apologize for neglecting to write for such a long time.


Gobusata shite orimasu.

ご無沙汰しております。

I'm sorry I haven't written for a long time.


These expressions or seasonal greetings can be combined in a variety of ways to form the preliminary greeting. The Japanese have long admired the seasonal changes, therefore it seems too abrupt to start a letter without the proper seasonal greeting. Here are some examples.


Gobusata shite orimasu ga, ogenki de irasshaimasu ka.

ご無沙汰しておりますが、お元気でいらっしゃいますか。

I'm sorry I haven't written for a long time, but have you been doing well?


Sukkari aki rashiku natte mairimashita ga, ikaga osugoshi de irasshaimasu ka.

すっかり秋らしくなってまいりましたが、いかがお過ごしでいらっしゃいますか。

It has become very autumn like; how have you been?


Samui hi ga tsuzuite orimasu ga, ikaga osugoshi desu ka.

寒い日が続いておりますが、いかがお過ごしですか。

Cold days continue; how have you been?


Final Greetings


Douka yoroshiku onegai itashimasu.

どうかよろしくお願いします。

Kindly look after this matter for me.


~ ni yoroshiku otsutae kudasai.

~によろしくお伝えください。

Please give my regards to ~.


Minasama ni douzo yoroshiku.

皆様にどうぞよろしく。

Please give my regards to everyone.


Okarada o taisetsu ni.

お体を大切に。

Please take care of yourself.


Douzo ogenki de.

どうぞお元気で。

Take care of yourself.

Ohenji omachi shite orimasu.

お返事お待ちしております。

I look forward to hearing from you.


Again, please remember my teaching of thinking of the "other", your audience. If they are primarily English-speaking and you try to impress them with your Japanese greetings without translating for them to English, you will only alienate and confuse them. Always add translation if you are chatting or using IM in SecondLife. 

Arts

gakki

 musical instrument

doramu

 drums

furuto

 flute

gita

 guitar

koto

 long, Japanese zither with 13 strings

shamisen

 3-stringed Japanese banjo

shakuhachi

 Japanese flute

taiko

 Japanese drums

chokoku

 sculpting/engraving

kaiga

 painting/drawing

haiga

 simple illustrations for haiku

ikebana

 flower arranging

sado

 tea ceremony

Serving

dozo

 "here you are" (when serving something to someone)

itadakimasu

 "I humbly receive this food"

gochisosama

 "It was a great feast"

...-san, nani ga suki desu ka?

 "Name, what do you like?"

watashi wa spaghetti daisuki desu

 "I like spaghetti very much."

nan to yu desu ka?

 "what is this called?"

enryo shinaide kudasai

 "don't be shy" (say right after our guestsays, "no thank you", if you are host/hostess)

oishiidesu

 "delicious!"

 gomennasai, sumimasen


sumimasen shitsureshimasu

 "Excuse me"


the second phrase is the most polite

Other Phrases

yatta

"I did it!"

oikutsu desuka?

"How old are you?"

do demoikoto desu

"It's not important"

totemo taisetsu desu

"It's very important"

honto

"really?" or "yes, really!" (depends on the context)

a, so desu ka

"Oh , I see"

mochiron

"Of course"

a, yokatta

"Oh, good - as in what a relief!"

nani

 "what?"

doshiyo

"what shall i do?"

sasuga

" I am impressed by you as usual"

gambatte

"try your best"

gambari masho

"let's do our best"

sugoi!

"amazing!"

kire!

"pretty!"

daisuki desu

"I love it" or "I love you" (depending on context)

suki desu

"I like it"

i-i-desu

"is good"

yo-ku arimasen

"isn't good"

omedeto

"congratulations"

dame desu!

"enough!"

ototo

as in "this is my little brother"

oneechan, oneesan

"older sister (you could say "name"-nee)

imouchan

"younger sister"



Assignment

1. Use in conversation the words for "good morning", "good evening", "thank you" and good night"

2. Acquire an instrument and dance HUD of your choice - appropriate for Second Life Geisha. You may want to ask other geisha what they like to use. Okaasan has enjoyed hers for many years.

3. Research a topic related to Japanese or Geisha culture, write it on a note card and present it to the okiya by sending to Okaasan or oneesan first - they will post to the okiya group. But even better, present your topic during an ozashiki or tea house night.

DO NOT GO ON TO NEXT LESSON UNTIL YOU HAVE RECEIVED PERMISSION

Sincere words are not fine; fine words are not sincere. Those

who are skilled (in the Tao) do not dispute (about it); the

disputatious are not skilled in it. Those who know (the Tao) are not

extensively learned; the extensively learned do not know it.


The sage does not accumulate (for himself). The more that he

expends for others, the more does he possess of his own; the more that

he gives to others, the more does he have himself.

With all the sharpness of the Way of Heaven, it injures not; with

all the doing in the way of the sage he does not strive.

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